Search Results for national swine nutrition guide

Factsheets

National Swine Nutrition Guide Preface, Acknowledgements, and Table of Contents

Publish Date: March 26, 2010

Several universities publish applied swine feeding recommendations for their pork industry and producer clientele to use in making sound nutritional decisions. Usually the swine extension and research faculty at a given institution relies on several resources, including the Nutrient Requirements of Swine (NRC, 1998), research results, and their experience to develop the recommendations that are included in feeding guidelines. Considering there are fewer swine faculty at many institutions today and that the US Pork Center of Excellence (USPCE) was created to coordinate national extension, teaching and research efforts in the area of swine, it is logical for these two groups to embark on an effort to develop this National Swine Nutrition Guide (NSNG).


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Factsheets

National Swine Nutrition Guide tables on nutrient recommendations, ingredient composition, and use rates

Publish Date: March 25, 2010

Swine nutrition and feeding management is a complex process. Feed is the largest single item among the costs of producing pork, historically accounting for about 60% of all costs in farrow-to-finish systems. Pork producers are encouraged to employ a comprehensive feeding program based on sound principles and tailored to the operation. The National Swine Nutrition Guide (NSNG), which includes the Diet Formulation and Evaluation CD to allow direct application of its contents to practical feeding situations, provides the basis for the development and management of such swine feeding programs. The purpose of the NSNG is to enhance the understanding of basic nutrition, feeding principles and related management practices and to serve as a reference for pork producers, students, educators and allied industry personnel. Users of the NSNG will be able to estimate the nutritional needs of pigs by considering specific factors that affect nutrient recommendations. The NSNG consists of 35 factsheets and the Diet Formulator CD. For those seeking only nutrient recommendations for various classes of swine and ingredient composition and use rates, we prepared this summary. More details regarding nutrient recommendations, ingredient composition, formulating diets, and feeding program management are presented in the factsheets and on the Diet Formulator CD.


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Understanding the Nutrient Recommendations in the National Swine Nutrition Guide

Publish Date: March 25, 2010

Pigs require energy (from carbohydrates, lipids and protein), amino acids, minerals, vitamins and water for body maintenance, growth, pregnancy, and lactation. Each of these essential nutrients must be provided in adequate amounts and in forms that are palatable and efficiently utilized throughout the life-cycle of the pig in order for it to maximize genetic potential.…


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Conversion Factors for the National Swine Nutrition Guide

Publish Date: March 25, 2010

Several methods exist for expressing units of weight, concentration and volume in swine nutrition. The objective of this factsheet is to show how to perform unit conversions for weight (Table 1), concentration (Table 2) and volume (Table 3).


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References

Swine Nutrition Guide

Publish Date: June 3, 2006

This publication is a revision of the previous swine nutrition publication prepared by the University of Nebraska and South Dakota State University. The focus of the publication continues to be on nutrient recommendations for swine.


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References

A Champions Guide to Youth Swine Exhibition: Biosecurity and Your Pig Project

Publish Date: January 29, 2008

Did you know that regardless of how many pigs you care for, whether its a single show pig or thousands of market hogs, you are part of the pork industry? And, just as you are responsible for keeping your show pig or pigs healthy, you share the responsibility of keeping all of the pigs in…


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Factsheets

Factors Affecting Nutrient Recommendations for Swine

Publish Date: March 25, 2010

Efficient and profitable swine production depends upon an understanding of the concepts of genetics, environment, herd health, management, and nutrition. These areas interact with each other, and their net output determines the level of production and profitability (1). Many factors affect a pigs requirement for specific nutrients, impacting subsequent performance. Taking these factors into account, which differ across various production units and systems, will allow the development of farm-specific diets and feed programs that more closely meet nutrient needs of the herd while optimizing performance and economical return.


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Factsheets

Macro Minerals for Swine Diets

Publish Date: March 25, 2010

Minerals constitute a small percentage of swine diets, but their importance to growth, health, and productivity of the pig cannot be over-emphasized. Swine require 15 minerals in their diet and macro-minerals are the minerals that swine need in larger quantities, usually described for inclusion in percent of the diet. The macro-minerals are: calcium, phosphorus, sodium, chlorine, potassium, magnesium, and sulfur. About 5 percent of the total body weight of swine consists of minerals. Although these minerals are indigenous in most feed grains, some are at low concentrations in feedstuffs commonly used in swine diets. Consequently, it is essential that the diet be balanced using supplemental mineral sources. Minerals are essential for most of the basic metabolic reactions in the body and are an important factor in growth, reproduction, and resistance to diseases. They have a role in digestion; metabolism of protein, fats, and carbohydrates; and the structure of chromosomes, enzymes, nerves, blood, skeleton, hair and milk.


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Trace Minerals and Vitamins for Swine Diets

Publish Date: March 25, 2010

Minerals serve a variety of structural and metabolic functions in swine and are found in all body components, including bone, muscle, internal organs, blood, and other tissues and fluids of the body. Some minerals are found in relatively large amounts while others are found in minute or trace quantities. Vitamins are another class of nutrients required for normal metabolic functions in the body. Vitamins are generally required as co-factors in metabolic reactions. Good decisions must be made concerning the mineral and vitamin nutrition of pigs when formulating diets, because feeding excess can be costly and dangerous while not providing enough of these required nutrients can result in a deficiency and reduced productivity.


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Nutritional Aspects of Sow Longevity

Publish Date: March 27, 2009

Longevity of a breeding female is influenced by a wide variety of factors, one of which is the nutritional management of the female throughout her productive life. In modern pork production, the female becomes a part of the breeding herd at birth. Hopefully, several reproductive cycles follow before her removal from the breeding herd.


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