Effects of Enteric Disease Challenge on Growth, Nitrogen Retention, and Immune Status Indicators in Growing Pigs

Kansas State University Swine Research. Thirty-five growing pigs (initially 65 2 lb) were used in a metabolism study to determine the effects of a single enteric disease challenge on N retention, growth performance, and blood immunological variables. Twenty-one pigs were challenged with Salmonella typhimurium, and six pigs were assigned to an ad libitum-fed, nonchallenged control group. Eight additional nonchallenged pigs were pair-fed the feed intake of an S. typhimurium challenged counterpart. There were five 4 d collection periods (d 4 to 7, d 8 to 11, d 12 to 15, d 16 to 19, and d 22 to 25), with the S. typhimurium challenge occurring on d 8. Serum haptoglobin concentration increased in the disease-challenged pigs, when compared to both nonchallenged treatments Growth performance and N retention were decreased temporarily during the immune challenge period but recovered to levels similar to those of nonchallenged control pigs by the end of the experiment on d 25. These results suggest that a single acute disease challenge may not be accompanied by large compromises in growth performance and lean growth rate.