Evaluation Of Expelled Soybean Meal In Starter Diets

Kansas State University Swine Reserach. Forty-eight weanling pigs (6.9 lb initial wt) were used in a 28-d growth study to determine the feeding value of expelled soybean meal (43% CP) as compared to conventionally extracted soybean meal (48.5% CP). Pigs were fed one of two dietary treatments containing eit her expelled soybean meal or conventional soybean meal. Both diets contained milo and 10% dried whey and were formulated to be slightly lysine deficient (.95%) to determine any potential differences in amino acid availabilities between the two soybean meals. From d 0 to 14, pigs fed conventional soybean meal had higher average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) and were more efficient (F/G; 26.2%, 11.3%, and 21.6%, respectively) than pigs fed expelled soybean meal. Similar trends were noted for the overall experiment (d 0 to 28) with pigs fed conventionally extracted meal having greater ADG (16.1%) and ADFI (8.8%) and better F/G (6.2%) than pigs fed the expelled soybean meal. Both soybean meal products were analyzed for percentage fat; the expelled meal contained 6.2% and conventional meal contained .83%. The added fat in the expeller meal did not improve F/G compared to the conventional soybean meal. Protein solubility in both expelled and conventionally extracted soybean meal was greater than 70%, thus neither meal was overprocessed. However, trypsin inhibitor activity was higher in the expelled soybean meal (3.4 mg/g) as compared to the conventional soybean meal (.5 mg/g). This difference may be responsible for the poorer ADG, ADFI, and F/G found when feeding the expelled soybean meal. Based on this research, expelled soybean meal has approximately 84% the feeding value of conventionally extracted soybean meal when formulated on a lysine basis.