General Production and Prices



This series of factsheets lists data sources and associated hyperlinks to relevant websites. Although this is a pork related factsheet most websites contain data for all species as well as crops and other food products. To go to the desired website click on the internet links provided in the third column of the references. Some websites offer the opportunity to do a more search defining specific products, time frames, etc.



  • Locate U.S. Census of Agricultural and state and county data
  • Locate production and consumption information of agricultural commodities
  • Locate estimated costs of production for livestock and crops
  • Locate prepared charts of the pig inventories, operations, farrowing, etc., in the U.S.
  • Locate information on food composition and consumption
  • Locate slaughter, inventory and meat utilization
  • Locate farm-to-retail market price spreads


General Production Data


Census of Agriculture (1840 – 2007) Statistical data for the United States, states and territories. http://www.nass.usda.gov/Census_of_Agriculture/index.asp
Agricultural Statistics (1994-2009) Published to meet the diverse need for a reliable reference book on agricultural production, supplies, consumption, facilities, costs, and returns. http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/!ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_1OB?navid=DATA_STATISTICS&parentnav=AGRICULTURE&navtype=RT
Specific Data Statistics (U.S., State, County) U.S., State, and County level agricultural statistics for many commodities and data series. Quick Stats offers the ability to query by commodity, state(s) and year(s). The query dataset can be downloaded for easy use in your database or spreadsheet. http://www.nass.usda.gov/QuickStats/
State and County Ag Data Information on agricultural production for each state and county in the United States. Select state and then commodity and/or county data from next screen. http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/
State Facts (1866 – 2009) Information on population, employment, income, farm characteristics, and farm financial indicators for each state in the United States. http://www.ers.usda.gov/StateFacts
Commodity Costs and Returns (1992-2008) Estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock enterprises. Data downloads as Excel spreadsheets. http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/CostsAnd Returns/testpick.htm


Hogs and Pigs Charts


U.S. Hogs and Pigs Charts (1999-date) Prepared charts of inventories, operations, farrowings, etc. http://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Hogs_and_Pigs/index.asp


Food Statistics


Food Composition Online for values in the USDA National Nutrient Database. Search online for values in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 http://www.ars.usda.gov/nutrientdata
Food Consumption (Availability, 1909 to date) Includes population, supply, exports, disappearance, etc. Under “Browse by spreadsheet” select commodity. Data downloads as Excel spreadsheets. http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/FoodCons umption/FoodAvailSpreadsheets.htm – mtredsu
Red Meat Yearbook (94006) (1970-date)<,/td>

Monthly, quarterly, and annual data on slaughter, meat production, prices, inventories, meat supply and utilization, and Consumer Price Index (CPI). Excel spreadsheets. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUs da/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID =1354


Food Prices Spreads


Retail Prices and Farm Values (price spreads) Farm-to-retail price spreads for meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Select “Historical monthly price spread” for prices 1970 to date. Other individual foods to supplement the market basket statistics may be found at the second website reference. http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/MeatPrice Spreads/http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/FarmToConsumer/pricespreads.htm


Slaughter Hog Prices – Daily & Weekly


All species, grains, feedstuffs, etc. Includes auction, direct and terminal markets. From webpage “Browse by Commodity” or by “National Summary Reports”. http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/ls mnpubs
Barrows, gilts, sows, boars St Joseph, MO. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/S J_LS210.txt
Sioux Falls, SD http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/S F_LS210.txt
New Holland, PA http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/L N_LS210.txt
U.S. slaughter sows Major production areas of the Midwest and Eastern United States. Actual plant delivered prices to processors. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/N V_LS231.txt
Illinois sows & boars Illinois direct slaughter sows and boars http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/G X_LS230.txt
Morning farm prices Terminal and direct hogs. Also pork cuts, boxed beef and lamb carcasses. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/S J_LS830.txt
Daily market summary Pork Checkoff Marketline. Includes today’s live and carcass prices, cutout values, futures and daily and week-to-date slaughter. http://agebb.missouri.edu/mkt/bull7c.htm
Weekly market summary Grain, hogs, cattle, feeders, bellies, loins, etc. (University of Missouri). Values are from most recent Friday. http://agebb.missouri.edu/mkt/bull6c.htm


Feeder Pig Prices


National direct delivered feeder pig weekly report Farm to farm basis. Priced by lot size and weight. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/NW_LS255.txt
Feeder pig auctions Illinois, Greenville http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/G X_LS265.txt
North Carolina, Mount Olive http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ra_ls231.txt
Missouri, St Joseph http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/SJ_LS250.txt
Pennsylvania, New Holland http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/LN_LS250.txt


Wholesale and Retail Pork Prices


U.S. daily and weekly USDA National Carlot Estimated Pork Carcass Cutout values. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/nw_ls500.txt
Historical prices (1970-2005). From webpage, select “wholesaleprices.xls” or “retailspreads.xls”. Excel spreadsheets. Many other files available. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1354




U.S. daily and weekly USDA National Carlot Estimated Pork Carcass Cutout values. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/nw_ls500.txt
Historical prices (1970-2005). From webpage, select “wholesaleprices.xls” or “retailspreads.xls”. Excel spreadsheets. Many other files available. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1354


Slaughter – Hogs (and other livestock)


Livestock Slaughter – Monthly, NASS (1964 to date) Monthly number of head, live weight, dressed weight of cattle, calves, sheep, lambs, hog and pigs slaughtered in commercial plants and number by class in federally inspected plants by states; red meat production by species by states and U.S. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1096
Livestock Slaughter – Annual, NASS (1947 to date) This file contains the annual summary for total livestock slaughter and red meat production in commercial plants and on farms for the U.S.; red meat includes beef, veal, pork, and lamb and mutton slaughter. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1097
Hog, Sow, and Gilt Slaughter Comparisons – Weekly Glenn Grimes & Ron Plain, Univ. of MO. Weekly and Year-to-Date changes. http://agebb.missouri.edu/mkt/bull18c. htm


Meat Animals


Meat Animals: Production, Disposition, Income, USDA/NASS (1964- date) Annual balance sheet and income estimates for cattle, hogs and sheep. Includes estimates of beginning and ending inventories; also total production and marketings in pounds, average prices, value of production, cash receipts, home consumption, and gross marketings by state and U.S. for previous years. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1101
Red Meat Yearbook, USDA/ERS Monthly, quarterly, and annual data on commercial livestock slaughter and meat production; livestock and meat prices and price indexes; inventories of cattle, hogs, and sheep; and meat supply and utilization. Excel spreadsheets http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1354
Meat, Livestock and Grain Prices and Summaries, Daily and Weekly. USDA/AMS Swine Summary, Auction, Direct and Terminal Reports. Also many other commodity reports. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1086
Hogs and Pigs Reports (1968-date) Issued four times yearly, presents data on the U.S. pig crop for 17 major states and the U.S., including inventory number by class, weight group, and value of hogs and pigs, farrowings, farrowing intentions. Also includes the number of operations keeping hogs, the number of hog operations and percent of inventory by size groups. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1086
Hog weights – Weekly Current weekly live barrows and gilts, Iowa, Southern Minnesota. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/N W_LS720.txt
Live and Slaughter Weights, Daily and Weekly Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, equine and bison. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ WA_LS711.txt
Weekly Meat Production, USDA Cattle, calves, hogs, and sheep. Includes year to date. http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/sj _ls712.txt
Pork in Cold Storage, USDA/NASS (1915- date) Regional and national end-of-month stocks of meats, dairy products, poultry products, fruits, nuts, and vegetables in public, private and semiprivate refrigerated warehouses. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/Mann Usda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1034


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