Instructors

Factsheets

Disposal of Swine Mortalities

Publish Date: 10/15/2020

There is no best way to dispose of swine mortality carcasses. While some methods may work well for managing routine mortalities, the ability to scale them up to handle large numbers can be difficult. These methods may not adapt to times when catastrophic mortalities occur. The optimum system for any particular farm location is based on a number of criteria, including the current state of the protein/oil market, the biosecurity required, the distance to processing sites, the local public's perception, the government regulations that apply to that location, the environmental conditions, and the ability of the farm to carry out the different procedures. The death losses at a farm can be classified broadly as one of two types, routine or catastrophic. Routine mortalities represent a small proportion of herd and occur throughout the course of normal production. Catastrophic mortality events involve high death losses within a distinct period of time. These methods can also be used for catastrophic loses but the larger scale in a shorter time frame often increases process intensity. Additionally if losses are due to disease, they have a higher biosecurity risk.


Read More
Factsheets

The Basics of Swine Barn Maintenance

Publish Date: 09/01/2020

The transition in the swine industry to confinement production, where extensive mechanical systems are used automate many routine processes, has created new management needs and challenges. These mechanical systems wear and are prone to failures; therefore, they must be maintained to keep the facility functioning correctly. The cost of the repairs and maintenance can vary widely based on the maintenance program followed and the original equipment installed. Iowa State Extension estimates that the cost of repairs and maintenance annually is 1.5% of the barns original cost, although the type of maintenance program is unknown (Christensen, 2019). To minimize the cost and maximize the barn’s efficiency and lifespan, a maintenance programs must be created and implemented. The different electromechanical systems in a barn (ventilation, feed, water, etc.) all have components that could lead to system failure, thereby having a negative impact on production and pig welfare. For example it has been noted that a feed outage lasting 24 hours can cost at least $1.00 per head in finishing situation (Hollis, 2006). This could be caused by an equipment failure in the feed system and the costs would likely increase rapidly if compounded with multiple equipment failures.


Read More
Factsheets

Application of precision livestock farming technologies in swine welfare management: What is possible today?

Publish Date: 07/01/2020

It is estimated that by the year 2050 the world population will be over 9 billion people and food production will need to increase up to 60% more to meet demand (FAO 2009). Therefore, livestock production would likely intensify increasing animal density and lowering the stockperson per animal ratio. This will result in less time available to monitor and manage individual animals properly, jeopardizing animal health and welfare. Currently, there is a growing interest to automate swine welfare assessment using precision livestock farming (PLF) which increases the farmer’s ability to keep contact with individual animals in the growing livestock production intensification.


Read More
Videos

Alternative Pork Production: Keeping disease off the farm

Publish Date: 01/27/2020

Biosecurity is critical to keep pigs healthy, and the implementation of biosecurity practices, no matter the production type, can help to reduce risk. In this video we will describe useful intervention strategies including clean/dirty lines, hand sanitation and perimeter exclusion ideas to minimize the risk of pathogens tracking in and around the farm.


Read More
Videos

Alternative Pork Production: How diseases can be transferred to the farm

Publish Date: 01/27/2020

Biosecurity is critical to keep pigs healthy, and the implementation of biosecurity practices, no matter the production type, can help to reduce risk. Alternative pork production presents unique challenges for biosecurity. This video, the first in a short series, will help explain how to avoid the introduction and spread of disease on the farm.


Read More
Videos

Sourcing Feed for Alternative Production Systems

Publish Date: 01/27/2020

One of the most important considerations for alternative (niche) swine production systems is where to source ingredients and feed. A consistent, quality supply should be the first goal. Since feed represents one of the highest production costs for pork producers, options to reduce feed costs should also be considered. This video will explain several option to consider.


Read More
Videos

Introduction to Pork Production

Publish Date: 06/24/2019

This video gives you a behind the scenes tour of a commercial swine farm and the daily operations that take place. As a young swine producer, it is important to understand the correct terminology and practices that occur out in the industry so that you can be a credible advocate for the industry.


Read More
Videos

Commercial Swine Industry Biosecurity Principles

Publish Date: 06/20/2018

This video highlights the importance of applying biosecurity principles on the farm and illustrates these principles for the public, new employees, for review by current employees and anyone else entering a swine farm.


Read More
Videos

Promoting the Importance of Pork Quality

Publish Date: 06/20/2018

Pork quality is important to consumers and the meat and grocery markets. In this video, you will see exactly what are the pork quality attributes and the industry's stride to improve quality to meet consumers demand. This video includes and overview of the numerous factors that attribute to pork quality and how to measure the attributes.


Read More
Videos

Evaluating replacement gilts for feet and leg soundness

Publish Date: 06/20/2018

Lameness is one of the most significant reasons for involuntary sow culling, but good feet and leg structure may be overlooked or tolerated during gilt selection to achieve progress in other traits. however, structural conformation is highly heritable and producers may inadvertently create or intensify lameness issues in their herd by ignoring this trait. Lameness reduces sow productivity and longevity, and in the growing her is associated with reduced feed intake, decreased average daily gain, and may lead to a greater number of downer pigs at market. In addition to the economic consequences, high incidences of lameness is also a sign of poor animal welfare, and show be addressed on every farm. Examples of acceptable and unacceptable feet and leg soundness are featured in this video.


Read More

Type

Category